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SECRETART

GOVERNMENT OF BALOCHISTAN

Up to 1970 priorities were accorded to provision of drinking water to major towns like Quetta, Sibi, Loralai and Zhob. Rural population remained deprived of safe drinking water and was compelled to take drinking water from dug-wells, spring, stagnant pools, and rain/flood water collected in ponds. In addition to major towns, drinking water facilities were only extended either to the Defence Personnel or government colonies with a nominal water supply provision to civilian population annexed to the towns.

ABOUT DEPARTMENT

Up to 1970 priorities were accorded to provision of drinking water to major towns like Quetta, Sibi, Loralai and Zhob. Rural population remained deprived of safe drinking water and was compelled to take drinking water from dug-wells, spring, stagnant pools, and rain/flood water collected in ponds. In addition to major towns, drinking water facilities were only extended either to the Defence Personnel or government colonies with a nominal water supply provision to civilian population annexed to the towns.

After creation of the province of Balochistan, small water supply schemes were planned and maintained by the MES/ B&R / Communication and Works department. Later on the same were transferred to the Irrigation & Power (I&P) Department. A total number of 265 of such schemes were completed till 1987.

As the work load increased, situation demanded that a new department may be formed; hence, in 1987, Public Health and Engineering Department (PHED), Government of Balochistan was created out of I&P department.

Soon after the establishment of PHE department, it constructed four hundred and twenty four (424) mechanized water supply schemes. By 1992, such schemes totaled 701. As the number of completed schemes rose, the provincial government faced the scarcity of funds that limited its contribution to funds for operation and maintenance (O&M) water supply schemes. In 1992, Social Action Program (SAP) started with the initiative of Government of Pakistan and Multi Donor consortium through the World Bank. SAP introduced the concept of community participation so as to lessen burden of O&M on the government. Previously, O&M was responsibility of PHE department. The idea of community participation revolved around some sharing from the beneficiary communities, right from conceptualisation stage to its operation and maintenance. In 1995, PHE Department, Government of Balochistan formulated a “Uniform Policy”, which clearly stated that thence forward PHE Department will spare no funds for O & M of newly constructed water supply schemes and that O&M will be the responsibility of the beneficiaries. Under SAP, during 1992-97, seven hundred and ten (710) water supply schemes were constructed. Out of total 1740 schemes, 715 schemes have been handed over to the communities based on Uniform Policy.

  • Potable water management; and monitoring & implementation of the Water Supply Schemes of the department.
  • Facilitating access of safe drinking water to the general public.
  • Establishment of sources for drinking water purpose i.e. installation of Tube Wells, construction of galleries/sump wells to surface flow and water treatment system for canal I surface water.
  • To make available piped water for drinking and household purpose with construction of sound sewerage system.
  • Setting regulations for technical issues related to the sector.
  • Planning, design and construction of water filtration plants including operation and maintenance of already completed plants.
  • Construction and maintenance of Public Health Drinking Water Scheme.
  • Water Tariff Collection in consultation with Finance Department.
  • Issuance of Notification for water Rates.
  • Levying regular taxes which should be increased gradually to generate revenue.
  • To monitor the implementation of all vertical programmers, Federally Funded Projects, Foreign Aided Projects through its Provincial setup i.e. CE/SE and field implementations.
  • To introduce and monitor the implementation of water quality standards and quantity control, for its economical and efficient use.
  • To continue the present practice of disbursement of O&M funds to the lower tiers to ensure smooth operation of Water Supply Schemes.
  • Adoption of renewable energy to control operation and maintenance.
  • To monitor the functioning of the existing Electrical and Mechanical Division for drilling and development of Tube Wells.
  • Protection of water sources from contamination by continuous water treatment, stream pollution control etc.
  • Public awareness with regard to water conservation by means of campaigns.
  • To interact with the sister departments to create provision of drinking water regarding construction/design of water reservoirs in order to meet with future requirements of drinking water.
  • All Service matters of the employees of the Attached Departments, which does not include employees of the Secretariat and except those matters entrusted to Services and General Administration Department or to any other Department.

Administration Section

This section deals with administrative and general nature matters of the department. Posting, transfer, budget preparation, traveling allowances, medical bills, and grant of leaves etc. are affairs dealt by administration section. The service matters except those entrusted to Services & General Administration department of any member of the staff also fall under purview of this section. All disciplinary actions are taken by this section on complaint against any member of the department in

Chief Engineering Office

The office of Chief Engineer prepares Implementation Plan Matrix, Quarterly Monitoring Reports, Five Year Rolling Plans, Procurement Plans, and formulates sector statistics regarding investments & coverage using Management Information System. New low cost schemes are designed here and those received from other offices of the department across Balochistan are scrutinized technically. Other important tasks being dealt by this office are:

  • Continuous contact with the communities.
  • Social mobilization.
  • Follow up contacts with all the stakeholders.

This office supervises work on Water Supply Schemes, costing more than Rs. 5.000 million, financed under Public Sector Development Program (PSDP), an annual development program of government o Balochistan. Water supply schemes sponsored under specific development packages namely Governor’s Package and Drought Package etc. are also executed under supervision of this office in addition to foreign and federally funded schemes.
Executive

Executive Engineer

Each district has one Executive Engineer. The Executive Engineer offices shoulder responsibility of executing schemes up to Rs.5.000 million under PSDP and other specific development packages. Besides, Executive Engineer offices are responsible for operation and maintenance (O&M) of all water supply schemes. These offices collect water tariff and make arrangements to handover small schemes to the beneficiaries for O&M

Factors involved in Operation & Maintenance of Water Supply Schemes

  • Large geographical area but very low population density.
  • Poverty.
  • Drying up of simple water supply schemes based on open surface well, karezes & springs.
  • Very low priority / meager allocation of financial resources.
  • Illiteracy/lack of awareness of masses to take responsibility of water supply Schemes.
  • Tribal system / rival groups to collectively share the obligation on part of the communities.
  • Continuous depletion of underground water table
  • Lack of required, logistic facilities (vehicles), office buildings and residential buildings to manage development programme.
  • Over exploitation of water sources /schemes due to influx of Afghan Refugees from the last 3 decades.
  • In discriminate use of underground aquifer by the farmers taking advantage of the subsidy provided by the government.